EPC Ratings Explained

What is an EPC Rating?

An EPC rating is a measure of the energy efficiency of a property. It quantifies the energy usage and environmental impact (carbon dioxide emissions) of a building, presenting this information in a clear and comprehensible manner.

The EPC Rating Scale

The EPC rating scale runs from A to G: - **A (Most Efficient):  Indicates the highest level of energy efficiency. Properties in this category use energy very effectively, resulting in lower energy costs. Typically new builds achieve this rating or properties with substantial energy improvements, including renewables (ex: solar panels).  

- **G (Least Efficient):** Indicates the lowest level of energy efficiency. Properties with this rating require significant improvements to reduce energy consumption and costs. The ratings are usually color-coded for quick reference, with A being dark green (most efficient) and G being red (least efficient). These properties would not have any insulation installed and a very inefficient heating system. The heating costs of such properties is quite high.

What is the Most Common EPC Rating in the UK?

According to the Office for National Statistics, ( Energy efficiency of housing in England and Wales - Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk), the most common Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating for residential properties tends to fall within the D rating category. This is due to the age of the housing stock in the UK. The UK has a significant amount of older housing stock that was built before modern energy efficiency standards were established. Homes built in the mid-20th century or earlier often lack the insulation, double glazing, and energy-efficient heating systems found in newer homes

Implications For Owners, Buyers and Tenants

D ratings indicate that there are still considerable opportunities for improving energy efficiency to reduce energy bills and improve comfort. As for Buyers and Tenants: Understanding that a D rating is relatively commonplace can help set realistic expectations when searching for properties. It can also guide their decision-making if they are considering future upgrades. In fact, D rating is a good point for improvement, as it is possible to make a few adjustments to achieve C rating.

Future Projections

As regulations become stricter, and as more people become aware of the benefits of energy-efficient homes, the distribution of EPC ratings is likely to shift upwards, with more properties moving into the C or B ratings over time. However, achieving an A rating will generally remain less common without significant investment in renovations and renewable energy technologies. At Energy Performance Solutions we can provide energy consultancy advice to help property owners to achieve the best possible rating for their properties. Please visit our website below for more information.

Kind Regards

Daniel Pina
Director & Energy Assessor | Energy Performance Solutions LTD
Address: 128 City Road, London, EC1V 2NX
Web: www.energyperformancesolutions.co.uk
Phone: 02071013460